The great legacies in the October Path

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100 years of the Great Socialist Revolution of October

Tropas soviéticas de Sevastopol repeliram a ofensiva fascista e defenderam a cidade da costa do Mar Negro. Pintura de Alexandr Deineka, 1942

It lasted 30 years the period from the moment in which the revolutionary masses – led by the Bolshevik Party –swept away mercylessly the centre of the old military-feudal czarist empire, seized the political power for the proletariat, established and developed socialism in the USSR ( conquests resulting from a huge unprecedented fight in history) up to the betrayal of the revisionist group of Khrushev that, after Stalin’s death, has usurped the Party, the Army and the State for restoring capitalism.

Under the leadership of the great Lenin, incontest head of the Party, substituted by his comrade and genial follower, Stalin, Russia - people’s prison in the past and other countries and people enslaved by czarism - became the powerful Union for the Socialist Republics, building up a culture and economy at the sevice of their workers’ interests and a support base for the Proletarian World Revolution.

By facing all kind of sabotage and aggressions from the inside enemies and imperialism, the Dictatorship of Proletariat has not only built the country destroyed by the war but has also given the control of the factory production to the workers, promoted the cooperativiztion in the countryside, industrialization and eletrification of all Russia, besides the creation of new methods for production based in the socialist emulation. Through the movement started by Alexei Stakhanov, in 1935, with the name of stakhanovism, world records of productivity were established in a huge patriotic movement and internationalist spirit  which comprised million of workers from several industrial branches.

For the first time in the history of the Russian people, democratic rights for the workers had been created as well as the policy of full employment and judicial equality and right for the women. During the second quinquenal plan  - 1933-1947 –the real salary for workers and rural employees more than doubled. In 1933, the Fund for Social Security of the State increased from 4,6 thousand rubles to 5 million in 1937. The tax collection was converted into improvements and cultural needs for the workers like medical assistance, rest houses, health-resorts, etc. The building of an enormous net of maternity wards, nurseries, children kitchens and kindergartens advanced significantly for the women’s liberation from the unpaid household tasks.

With the implementationof the compulsive instruction and a unique system for people’s education for the whole country, after 20 years around 60 million persons had been literated, a number that surpassed the 87% of the Soviet population, in 1939. The people’s right for self-determination had been garanteed by the Constitution and more than 40 Soviet people received the written language which corresponded to their idioms, what contributed  for affirming the national cultures.

In the same way, under the leadership of the great Lenin, the revolution founded the Third International, the Communist International, which produced the quality leap in the International Communist Movement in nealy all countries of the world, fortifying the revolutionary struggle in the capitalist countries and the national movemente for liberation in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This was one of the results of potentializing the thinking and creative action of the working masses under the dictatorship of proletariat and leadership of the Bolshevik Party.

After Lenin’s death, comrade Stalin took over the first experience in building socialism in history, contributing decisively for establishing socialism in a large part of the huge country.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) Josef Stalin led the Red Army and guerrilla groups to victory, expelling the fascist hords out of Soviet territory and defeating the nazi beast. More than 25 million Soviet people died in the battles in defense of the proletariat Internationalist Motherland or under the bombing by the nazis during the biggest combat that humankind has ever seen.

Under the leadership of comrade Stalin, USSR was rebuilt and the country became leader ahead the more developed capitalist countries in areas like science and tecnology.

Lessons of the Great Socialist Revolution

The history of the Great Socialist October Revolution has taught us, more than anything, that the triumph of the proletarian revolution and the dictatorship of proletariat could only be possible through the leadership of the revolutionary party of the proletariat. It was the new type party, created by Lenin, with the political-ideological marxist line and lenin-thought, supported by the masses educated by him in the implacable combat to revisionism and all opportunism, and the revolutionary violence, through the armed force and armed struggle – everything under the absolute leadership of the Commnist Party – that has conquered and defended the New Power of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Fábrica de aviões. Durante a guerra toda URSS foi convertida em um campo militar em defesa da Pátria

The development of the Great Proletarian Revolution in Russia has also showed us that without a irreconcilable fight against the ‘left’ opportunism and mostly against the right revisionist ( mensheviks, trotskistes, bukarinists,etc,) in their ranks, the Party of the working class could not have maintained unity and discipline indispensable for fulfilling its mission as an organizer and leader of the proletarian revolution and builder of the the new socialist society.

The opportunist groups have accomplished their task to serve as vehicles of the bourgeois influence within the working class and the Party and for that reason they converted themselves into agents of the fascist spying services, saboteurs, murderers, divisionist agents and traitors of the socialist motherland.

Within those groups none has played a more disgraceful role for the revolution and socialism than Trotsky and his followers. 

The universal character of the Bolshevik Revolution

Under Lenin’s jefatura, the Bolshevik Party has taken the marxist theory as a guide for action and have correctly defined the alliance line peasant-worker as a condition for the victory of the proletarian revolution.

Soldado soviético levantando bandeira da URSS sobre o Palácio do Reichstag. Fotografia de Yevgeny Khaldei, 1945

By applying the Marxism universal truths to the concrete reality of the revolution in Russia, in 1917, Lenin has forged the theory and tatics of the proletarian revolution, new weapon for the proletariat which has raised Marxism to its second stage – Marxism-Leninism-Maoism – indicating to the oppressed people of all countries in the world the road for the triumph of socialism.

The proletarians all over the world, stimulated by the Bolshevik revolution, have doubled their revolutionary initiatives in Europe and in the USA, besides uncountable national liberation movements in the colonies and semicoloonies. As it happened in China, the victory of the bourgeois democratic revolution has acquired a new expression under the leadership of the Communist Party and Chairman Mao Tsetung, now aiming against feudalism, bureaucratic capitalism and imperialism.

Restoration and struggle against revisionism

The Great Socialist October Revolution has showed that proletariat on its death struggle against imperialism has revisionism as the main danger.

Despite all the advancements acquired during the revolutionary struggle and application of the tasks in the socialist building in Russia – for the development of the productive forces and the highest satisfaction of the people’s needs – they have shown insufficient for assuring the continuing development of the revolution and conjurating the danger of the capitalist restoration.

Bolshevik leadership, despite great progresses in solving the giant problems in the socialist building under the command of Stalin, has not been able to obtain enough understanding on the crucial question of continuing revolution under the conditions of socialism and Dictatorship of Proletariat followed by the class struggle, becoming more and more bloodthirsty and complex.

As a result, the Party has underestimated the peremptory need for the constant mobilization of the masses in the combat to the bourgeois ideology and its defenders, open and dissimulated, in the Party, the Army and the State, as well as the merciless battle against the reactionary ideas incrusted in the customs and traditions of the class society  maintained even after the revolution.

Even though, as the historical facts have comproved, only after the great marxist Stalin’s death the counterrevolution had no obstacles and suceeded opening way to the capitalist restoration. For that Khrushev, in command of the capitalist restoration in USSR, defamed the dictatorship of proletariat by coward attacks against comrade Stalin.

By using the huge USSR prestige built through heroic and gigantic work, under the command and leadership of the genial Lenin and his followers, the khrushevite revisionism have sowed misunderstanding in the International Communist Movement and drawn the socialist countries and communist parties in the world to the counterrevolution field.

The Communist Party of China has unleashed against revisionism - under the leadership of Chairman Mao – the most tenacious ideological battle ever seen.

Chairman Mao, by supporting the October Path and defending Marxism-Leninism, has identified during the 20th PCUS Congress, from 1956, the appearing and sistematization of a new revisionism unmasking the rotten khrushevite theory of the ‘Three Peaceful’ and the ‘Two whole’.1

The investigation of the causes for the capitalist restoration in USSR by chairman Mao has confirmed the Marxist-leninist concept that in socialism the classes and class struggle would still exist although under new forms. It affirmed that after proletariat would seize the power, the fight between the socialist path and the capitalist one would sharpen and it would not be guaranteed beforehand who would have or not the power, and it would require many years even decades depending on the continuation of the class struggle and the correct leadership of the Communist Party to make them disappear.

By combatting the influence of the khrushevite revisionism and its plans for restoration in China, chairman Mao unleashed the Great Cultural Proletarian Revolution displaying the way for continuation of the class struggle under socialism, leading the world proletarian revolution to its highest peak and developing the proletariat science, the new, third and superior stage, Maoism.

By striking a powerful blow against imperialism, the Great Cultural Proletarian Revolution has given the people of the world a precious exemple and showed the road for the liberation struggle of the exploited and oppressed masses, which was deepened and developed during the tormentuos course that has followed the proletarian revolution, during the struggles between revolution and counterrevolution, between conter-restoration and restoration, along the 20th century till now.

The greatest challenge for the people’s masses in the whole world has been, more than ever, to pursue the October Path, constitute or rebuild communist maoist parties to unleash more and more people’s wars, to raise the new Wave of the World Proletarian Revolution promoting  Maoism to the command and leadership of the world revolution.


Notes:
1 – Denomination of Khrushev’s revisionist thesis. Through the “cohexistence, transiction and peaceful emmulation” it was preached the impossibility of the revolutionary path in the capitalist countries and the liberation struggle of the oppressed peoples and nations. With “State and Party for the whole people” it was denied the vigence of the class struggle in USSR for justifying the destruction of the Dictatorship of the Proleariat. And denied the class character of the Communist Party, calling it ‘the party for the whole people and not the proletariat’s anymore.  

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